Namibian Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Programme

In 2006, the Government of the Republic of Namibia (GRN) and the European Union (EU) chose to adopt the Sector Wide Approach (SWA) as a development strategy within the 9th European Development Fund (EDF). This resulted in the starting point for the formal EU SWA support to the Namibian Water Supply and Sanitation sector programme (NAWASA).

Initially, a total of € 11 million of budget support for NAWASA was through the Rural Poverty Reduction Programme (RPRP) as part of the Decentralised Demand Driven Actions – DDDA project.

Budget Support for NAWASA was for the provision of water supplies to rural communities throughout Namibia with the Ministry of Agriculture Water and Forestry (MAWF) acting as the implementing partner. The prime objective was to support the provision of potable water supplies across the country particularly to rural, poor communities in line with the 3rd National Development Programme (NDP3).

Later on in January 2011, a new financing agreement (FA) was signed to provide further support for NAWASA by the EC. The scope of support also expanded to include sanitation with the intention of increasing the impact of this additional funding for health benefits once more with the focus on particularly poor, rural communities throughout Namibia.

The total amount of the Sector Reform Contract (SRC) in support of NAWASA was increased in November 2012 to € 36 million through a rider to the Financing Agreement. Part of the total budget support (€ 33,4 million) was earmarked for capacity development in the sector (€ 6 million), whilst a specific technical cooperation facility of € 1,4 million was made available to respond to requests from the Water Supply and Sanitation (WATSAN) sector for technical assistance.

The general objective of the SRC is to support development objectives as defined by the Government of the Republic of Namibia (GRN) in its Vision 2030, including the attainment of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets. The specific objective of the SRC is to contribute to improved access to potable water supplies and appropriate means of improved sanitation facilities in line with the National Water Supply and Sanitation Policy that was revised and later introduced in October 2008.

These services need to be sustained through improved cost-recovery rates and improved patterns in knowledge, attitude and practise, supporting the proper use of water supply and sanitation facilities by end-users. In achieving this objective the principles enshrined in policy and strategies governing the sector, as well as the implementing institutions, will be supported.

The responsibility for the national coordination in the water supply and sanitation subsectors lies with the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry (MAWF), tasked with ensuring access for all Namibians to safe drinking water supplies and adequate and improved sanitation facilities. The provision of new facilities is intended to improve the conditions and livelihoods of all households by promoting hygiene and health awareness leading to behaviour change. The impact envisaged is an improvement of health of the Namibian population which in turn should enable poverty reduction through increased access to improved sanitation infrastructure development, hygiene and health awareness creation.

The Directorate of Water Supply and Sanitation Coordination (DWSSC) of the MAWF is responsible for the implementation of the five year National Sanitation Strategy (NSS) that focuses on both Rural and Urban Sanitation Infrastructure development through the implementation of six themes, namely Water and Sanitation sector coordination; Institutional Capacity Building; Community Education and Participation; Construction of Sanitation infrastructure and Operation and Maintenance, Performance Management and Enforcement.

It has been estimated in the recently compiled pilot WATSAN sector Medium-term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) that the value of the Sector investment will be around NAD 1,4 billion per annum, or EUR 110 million over the period 2011 – 2015, at current exchange rates. Combined with the additional Sector Budget support by the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID), it is foreseen that the EU contribution to the sector will cover about 8 % of the total development and recurrent budgets in water supply (for potable purposes) and improved sanitation per annum up to the year 2015.

Nantanga: Regional WATSAN forums - 2012 [1,413 KB]