The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement started in 1863 with the creation of national relief societies, made up of volunteers, trained in peacetime to provide neutral and impartial help to relieve suffering in times of war. The Namibia Red Cross Society (NRCS) implements health programmes such as HIV and AIDS, WATSAN and Hygiene Promotion, First Aid, Community TB Care and Malaria. In the Cuvelai NRCS is active in decentralised rural water supply.

WATSAN and Hygiene promotion programme:
Water and sanitation, is actively implemented in Kunene region. NRCS rehabilitates and protects water points, construction of latrines and hygiene promotion using Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation methodology (PHAST) in the community. Water and sanitation activities are funded by European Union (EU), Belgian and Swedish Red Cross.