As Namibia is the driest country in southern Africa, a national toilet system using fresh water is not sustainable in the long run. To provide access to safe, affordable sanitation for all Namibians, it is essential to consider dry sanitation as a proactive measure to avoid water shortages and as a way to save precious water resources in the wake of climate change. Not only do dry toilets save water and thus facilitate drought adaptation strategies, ideally, they also produce fertilizer to sustain crops and can thus effectively eliminate the need to dispose of human waste via a centralized sewage system.

Against this background, the Omaruru Basin Management Committee decided to pilot 21 Otji-toilets in Omaruru.

People living in the project area have no access to safe sanitation. Especially, for women and children, the traditional way of “going to the bush” is dangerous. During the rainy seasons, water related health problems such as diarrhea increase. The project was planned as a pilot study to show that dehydration toilets with urine infiltration are an appropriate sanitation solution for the informal settlements of Omaruru, Namibia.

Detailed information about the project:
Sustainable Sanitation Alliance: Otji-toilets for peri-urban informal households - 2011 [253 KB]