In Namibia IWRM is implemented at basin level, linking all aspects of the basin, so that the users can understand the interactions between resource use, economic value and conservation, as well as the impacts of their activities on eco-systems and the goods and services they provide.

IWRM has been identified as essential for the management of the water sector in Namibia as well as across borders. Namibia’s Vision 2030 provides the overarching framework for the water sector with its sub-vision, which states: "Namibia’s fresh water resources are kept free of pollution and are used to ensure social well-being, support economic development and to maintain natural habitats".